Pain is an indication of tissue injury or a problem in your body. Despite it being a natural response, extreme pain can have a negative impact on you socially, economically and emotionally. It can interfere with sleep, nutrition, mobility and emotional wellbeing. While the perception of pain varies from person to person, it may be acute or chronic.
Acute pain is usually relieved by treating the cause, while chronic pain is more complex, and requires thorough assessment and multidisciplinary approach to management. Home health care focuses on assessing and managing pain.
Management of chronic pain involves trying to minimize pain while maximizing function. It includes the use of:
- Medication: Given to treat pain, spasm, anxiety, depression, and to promote sleep and appetite
- Physical interventions: Application of heat and cold, position changes and massage, physical therapy, exercise, pain control devices (TENS unit) and assistive devices to improve mobility
- Behavioral interventions: Relaxation techniques, such as meditation and yoga to relive anxiety, and muscle tension and distraction techniques to improve pain tolerance